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IBM announced its most powerful quantum processor and represents a major breakthrough in quantum computing.
Dubbed Eagle, the 127-qubit processor becomes the first of its kind to deliver more than 100 qubits. It has been a requirement that quantum computing systems’ qubits must be kept at as low temperatures as possible until recent times. This is to show how powerful they are.
To demonstrate the power and potential of Eagle, IBM demonstrated how a computer requires more bits than the atoms in all humans to simulate it.
Due the large number of qubits, Eagle was reportedly the first processor that could not be emulated on a supercomputer.
By increasing quantum computers’ qubit count, highly complex programs can run on these systems. This is in contrast to standard supercomputers.
” The arrival of the Eagle processor marks a significant step towards the day quantum computers outperform traditional computers at meaningful levels,” stated Dr. Dario Gil (senior vice president and director for research at IBM). “Quantum computing has the power to transform nearly every sector and help us tackle the biggest problems of our time.”
IBM aims to achieve “quantum advantage” by 2023.
The processor architecture of Eagle includes new methods to place control components on multiple physical levels. Qubits are incorporated into their own levels.
IBM also pointed out how it had to combine and enhance techniques from previous generations of IBM quantum processors in order to develop an architecture that uses advanced 3D packaging techniques. Ultimately, such functionality will allow the company to provide a strong foundation for its processors, which includes the forthcoming 1000-plus-qubit Condor chip.
As for plans pertaining to future IBM quantum systems, Condor in particular is expected to contain 1,121 qubits in total upon its planned launch in 2023. Eagle’s immediate successor, the 433-qubit Osprey, is scheduled for a 2022 release.
The company also aims to achieve “quantum advantage” by 2023. This term refers to quantum computers, which can solve problems that are difficult to crack with a classical computer. Condor’s capabilities can help achieve this goal.
Eagle is now available to selected members of IBM’s Quantum Network who have remote access IBM’s quantum computers in December. IBM will divulge more information related to its quantum systems at its annual Quantum Summit event taking place tomorrow, November 16.
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https://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/ibm-reveals-quantum-computing-leap-with-127-qubit-processor/, Digital Trends